Reading Comprehension Strategies


  1. Making Connections


Readers use prior knowledge to help understand what they are reading and to store new information with related memories. They make three types of connections: text-to self, text-to-text, and text-to-world.


  1. Determining Importance


Readers make decisions about what is important in the text.  They determine important ideas and themes and use these conclusions to focus their reading while not paying as much attention to unimportant ideas.

  1. Asking Questions


Readers use questions to clarify and focus what they are reading.  They ask questions of themselves, of others and of the authors to help them better understand text.

  1. Visualizing


Readers create visual and other sensory connections to what they are reading, and then use these images to deepen their understanding of the text.


  1. Inferring


Readers use their prior knowledge and information from the text to draw conclusions, make judgments and predications, and form interpretations about what they are reading.  Inferring is a process of creating personal meaning from text.

  1. Synthesizing


Readers order, recall, retell and recreate into a coherent whole the information that they read.  They can organize different pieces of information to make meaning.

  1. Using Fix-up Strategies


Readers use fix-up strategies when they are having problems understanding what they are reading, including skipping ahead, rereading, using context to better understand a particular passage, and sounding it out.

Many students need explicit instruction in each of these strategies through modeling, guided practice and independent practice.

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