An assessment functions formatively to the extent that evidence about student achievement is elicited, interpreted and used by teachers, learners, or their peers to make decisions about the next steps in instruction [i.e. teaching and learning] that are likely to be better, or better founded, than the decisions they would have made in the absence of that evidence. — Wiliam, 2011, p. 45
Focus on |
- The function of the evidence, not the assessment
- Who is actually doing the assessment
- The decisions for the next steps of teaching and learning
Commonsense Education | Student Centered Formative Assessment and Other Great Ideas! | To unlock formative assessment’s full potential, go beyond the bar chart and get students to reflect on their own learning goals, areas for growth, and next steps.
Formative Assessment Ideas from Edutopia. | Find and share ideas for checking in with students during a project, class, or semester to assess their learning and see if content or instruction needs adjusting.
Empowering Teachers With Tech-Friendly Formative Assessment Tools | By locating the right tool and building data collection into your routine, you can easily have the formative assessment data you need for responding to student understanding. Monica Burns, Edutopia, December 14, 2015
Fantastic, Fast Formative Assessment Tools | Checking for understanding is good for both students and teachers. We’ve rounded up a variety of digital tools to help you do it. Vicki Davis, Edutopia, May 8, 2017
Formative Assessment Is Transformational! | More than just numbers in a grade book, formative assessment practices can change how you teach, how your students learn, and how your classroom functions. Andrew Miller, Edutopia, February 3, 2015